SLN Catalog Home

 

EDIBLE LANDSCAPING PLANTS

red cardinalattractive to wildlife 
picture of Juneberry shrub

Landscaping shouldn't be limited to the same old shrubbery.

 Have fun with your yard! Design a miniature wildlife refuge...

 Make some wild jams & jellies ...
 Plants can be useful and ornamental!

Plants Listed: 

Buffaloberry Shepherdia argentea
Haskap Edible Honeysuckle Lonicera caerulea var. edulis
Elderberry Sambucus canadensis
Homestead Hawthorn Crataegus mollis
American Highbush Cranberry  Viburnum trilobum
Nannyberry  Viburnum lentago
Aronia or Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa
Northrop Mulberry Morus alba
Rugosa Rose Rosa Rugosa
Sea Buckthorn Hippophae rhamnoides
Serviceberry (Wild Juneberry) Amelanchier alnifolia & canadensis
Siberian Peashrub Caragana arborescens
Staghorn Sumac  Rhus typhina
Wayfaring Bush Viburnum lantana
Winterberry Ilex verticillata

Note: 
Looking for seedling apples, pears, plums or apricots for
rootstock, pollinators or deer plantings? Click this link: seedling fruit

Looking for currants? See our new currant section for gooseberries and 
red, white, and black currants: currants

Looking for wild-type native shrubs for naturalizing? Click this link: native shrubs


 
 
 
illustration of buffaloberry

Buffaloberry Shepherdia argentea

red cardinalattractive to wildlife 

Unsexed 1 to 3 ft. plants $5.50 each, $50 package of 10

This attractive silver-leafed shrub is excellent for hedges (reaching 8 to12 ft,) extremely hardy, nitrogen-fixing, tolerant of drought and high pH, and produces a small tart berry superb for jams and jellies. Plants are male or female and are not sexed, so it's best to plant several to ensure pollination. Although tolerant to drought when mature, it establishes best with plenty of water. Space plants 2 to3 feet apart for a hedge.

 

Haskap (Edible Honeysuckle) Lonicera caerulea var. edulis

1 to 2 ft. plants $15.00 each

red cardinalattractive to wildlife 

At least two plants required for pollination.

The fruit of this bush is a blue, teardrop-shaped berry with very tiny seeds (like a blueberry.) The fruit is tart but tasty and useful for jam and jelly. These are the earlist plants in the nursery to leaf out, flower and set fruit. Cedar waxwings adore them and so do the bumblebees. The bush is not climbing and not invasive, reaches a height of 4 to 6 feet. Borealis, Indigo Gem and Tundra will pollinate each other to a degree, but it's best to have at least one "Cinderella" plant to every 5 plants of the other three varieties.

Borealis    Excellent flavor, soft texture, good for fresh eating.

Indigo Gem  Excellent flavor, slightly "chewy" quality, good for processing. 

Tundra    Good taste, firm texture, good for market.

Cinderella    Best pollinator for all of the other three varieties.

Haskap Package  4 plants  $45.00   One each Borealis, Cinderella, Indigo Gem,  Tundra


 

picture of elderberry


 

Elderberry Syrup
the best medicine for colds and flu;
a wonderful winter tonic!
Cut the umbels of fruit when the berries are black
You can "rake" the berries from the stems with a fork. 
Cook on top of stoves with a small amount of water, 
then strain as for jelly. (Optional: add 2 1/2 cups sugar 
and 10 whole cloves for each pint of juice to make syrup.) 

Elderberries Sambucus canadensis

red cardinalattractive to wildlife 

1 ft. rooted cuttings $7.00 each, $50 package of 8 (2 of each variety)

At least two different varieties required for pollination.

A pretty ornamental and fruit bush which will grow to a height of 6 to7 feet. Berries are ideal for pies, jam, juices and wine. Flowers excellent for wine. The elderberry tolerates wet locations well, is productive and hardy, and has lovely fall foliage. Plant 4 to 6 feet apart. These plants come as a rooted cutting; they should be buried with the green stem (if any) above the ground and the rest just below the surface. Two or more varieties should be planted for cross-pollination. 
Varieties offered:
Adams
Originated in NY State, 1926. Berries exceptionally large.
Johns
Originated in Nova Scotia Experiment Station. Has large berries and clusters, ripens earlier than Adams. Extremely vigorous.
Nova
Originated in Nova Scotia in 1946 as an open-pollinated seedling of Adams. Fruit large, sweet and uniform. Extremely vigorous.
York
Originated in NY State, 1964. A very large bush with fruit larger than Adams. Considered one of the best cultivars.

 
illustration of hawthorn

Homestead Hawthorn  Crataegus mollis

red cardinalattractive to wildlife 

2 to 3 ft. trees $6.50 each, $55 Package of 10

The small (15 ft. at maturity) tree is extremely hardy and attractive with its long thorns, pretty Spring flowers, ornamental fruit and brilliant Fall color. Hawthorn berries have long been used in herbal medicine, and birds also enjoy them. Plant 15 feet apart, or 6 to 8 feet apart for a hedge. 

 
illustration of nannyberry

Nannyberry (Wild Raisin) Viburnum lentago

red cardinalattractive to wildlife 

2 to 4 ft. plants $6.50 each, $55 package of 10

At least two plants required for pollination.

About 8 to10 feet when fully grown, this attractive bush bears a sweet flat-seeded berry. Good to eat, if you can beat the birds to the crop. Extremely hardy. Plant 3 to 4 feet apart 

 

  

Wayfaring Bush Viburnum lantana  

3  to 4 ft. plants $10.00 each 

OUT OF STOCK

red cardinalattractive to wildlife 

 

At least two plants required for pollination.

Maturing at 8-12 ft, this is a lovely and often overlooked edible landscape plant. Visually interesting, with a symmetrical leaf texture, downy shoots, and prominent buds at each axil. Clusters of black, flat-seeded berries are sweet and very similar to nannyberries.

 


 
 
illustration of Nero Chokeberry

Aronia or Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa

red cardinalattractive to wildlife 
 

"Nero" 2 to 4 ft plants $8.50 each, $75 package of 10

"Viking" 1 to 2 ft. plants $8.50 each, $75 package of 10

Aronia berries contain the highest know levels of antioxidants of any temperate fruit five times higher than blueberry or cranberry and also contain strong anticancer compounds.  Nero and Viking are cultivars that  produce a fruit that is reputedly used in Russia for pie production, and can also be processed into juice. The berries are astringent when eaten fresh but the taste improves once processed. Will reach a height of 5 feet. Plant 6 ft. apart, or 3 to 4 ft. apart for a hedge. For native plantings or for a pollinator, see also our unselected Wild Black Chokeberry.

Northrop Mulberry Morus alba

red cardinal iconattractive to wildlife

3 to 5 ft. trees $20.00 each

OUT OF STOCK


Northrop is the hardiest mulberry we've found. The parent tree was planted on the Northrop farm in the 1850's. Its location is just outside of Potsdam, and it is the only mulberry for 70 miles in all directions. It is now over 2 1/2 feet in diameter and 70 feet tall. These plants are propagated via tissue culture rather than by grafting, so they are genetically identical to the parent from root to tip. Even though Northrop exhibits great hardiness, (it has survived minus 50 degrees F.,) young plants may take some winter dieback due to extremely rapid growth in their first few seasons. With care, Northrop can fruit in 3 to 5 years. Self-fertile.


 
picture of rugosa rose

Rugosa Rose   Rosa rugosa

1 to 2ft. plants $6.50 each, $55 package of 10

At least two plants required for pollination.

A strong grower and tolerant to salt and sandy soil, this ornamental rose bush will reach a height of 3 to 6 feet. Blossoms are mostly pink, but sometimes white or red. Blooms fragrantly throughout the summer, producing large, mild-flavored hips with an extremely high vitamin C content. The hips can be dried for tea or used for jam, jelly, syrup, and sauces. Rosa rugosa is the hardiest rose known, withstanding -50oF. with no damage. Plant 1 to 2 feet apart for hedge. 

illustration of Sea Buckthorn

Sea Buckthorn Hippophae rhamnoides

Unsexed, 3 to 4 ft. plants $8.00 each, $70 package of 10 

Plant several to ensure pollination and fruiting.
red cardinalattractive to wildlife 


Bright orange berries clustered close to the stem, beautiful silver-grey foliage, and long thorns characterize this small tree or shrub (10-12 ft. at maturity,) also known as "Cberski Ananas" or "Siberian pineapple." We were pleased and surprised one Fall to notice the yard of a customer who had planted his "seaberries" several years ago...they had made a striking and unique roadside hedge. Sea Buckthorn is tough and salt tolerant. The berries, through astringent, are high in vitamins C and E. Extremely hardy and tolerant to drought, they will also grow on alkaline soils.  Space no more than 6 to 8 ft. apart.


 
illustration of wild juneberry

Wild Juneberry or Serviceberry  Amelanchier alnifolia & canadensis

red cardinalattractive to wildlife 

2 to 3 ft. plants $6.00 each, $50 package of 10

At least two plants required for pollination.

These are unselected (wild-type) seedlings. The fruit, while it is smaller and less abundant than that of the selected Juneberry or "Saskatoon" varieties, is very attractive to wildlife. Also known as Shadblow, this native shrub, more like a small tree, is the first to adorn the Spring landscape, bursting forth with a profusion of smalll white flowers. The fruit is similar to a blueberry. Fall foliage is striking red splashed with yellow and orange. The lowbush form, Amelanchier alnifolia, grows best in the western states, whereas the highbush form, Amelanchier canadensis, is best for eastern locations. Alnifolia grows to 6-10 feet and should be spaced 3 to 4 feet apart; canadensis reaches 20-25 feet and should be planted at least 6 to 8 feet apart.

 

picture of Siberian Peashrub

Siberian Pea Shrub Caragana arborescens

red cardinalattractive to wildlife 

2 to 3 ft. plants $6.50 each, $55 package of 10

At least two plants required for pollination.

A member of the legume family, this attractive shrub is nitrogen-fixing, extremely hardy and  produces  small podded peas about the size of elderberries. The ``peas'' are reportedly 36% protein and could be used for flour, sprouts or animal (particularly chicken) feed. Mature height is 10 to12 ft.; may be kept shorter by pruning. Spacing should be 8 to15 feet, or 4-6 feet apart for a hedge.

 
illustration of highbush cranberry

American Highbush Cranberry Viburnum trilobum

red cardinalattractive to wildlife 
Used for jams, preserves and to attract wildlife, the "cranberry" bush is not a true cranberry but rather a Viburnum, related to the Nannyberry. Fruit is bright red and hangs in large clusters long after the leaves are gone, contrasting nicely against the light-colored stems and yellow buds and making an attractive dense winter hedge, which will reach 6-10 feet. Highbush cranberry thrives on a variety of soil types, even slightly wet areas (but not in a bog or swamp). Plant 3 to5 ft. apart for a hedge. 

Wentworth is a selection of the native highbush cranberry  with less tartness to the fruit. 

Wild, unselected 2 ft. plants $6.00 each, $50 package of 10

Wentworth 3 to 4 ft. plants $8.00 each, $70 package of 10  OUT OF STOCK on Wentworth


 
illustration of winterberry

Winterberry Ilex verticulata

red cardinalattractive to wildlife 
 

 

Female "Winter Red" 3 to 4 ft. plants $7.50 each 

Male $5.50 each 1 to 2 ft. plants $6.50 each 

$65 for package of 10 (8 female, 2 male)

At least one male and one female required for pollination.

A bright flash of color in an otherwise barren landscape, winterberry shows up best in late Fall.  This northern holly loses its leaves but produces scarlet red berries which hug the stem, lasting well into winter to provide food for hungry birds.  The boughs make beautiful decorations for the Winter Solstice season.  Mature plants will reach 6 to 8 feet.  Winterberry plants are male or female; only females make berries, but both are neccesary for fruiting.  Plant males 2 to 10 feet from females or plant 1 of each sex in the same hole to ensure pollination.

Staghorn Sumac Rhus typhina

red cardinalattractive to wildlife 

3 to 4  ft. plants $7.50 each, $65 package of 10

A fast-growing native edible ornamental that will often form thickets. "Rhus-ade" made from ripe seed heads is similar to lemonade and very high in vitamin C.  The individual plants grow 10-12 feet tall in cold climates, taller in warmer climates. It prefers upland sites with good drainage, and does not do well in heavy, wet soils. Fall foliage is a stumming deep crimson and the soft, beautiful yellow-green wood, when 2-3 inches in diameter, is ideal for carving. Plant 2 to 5 feet apart.